# Roman Numerals to Number

## This is a helpful tool that you can use online for free. It can convert Roman numerals into regular decimal numbers.

Roman numerals may seem like a mysterious code from ancient times, but they're actually quite simple once you understand the rules. In this article, we'll break down Roman numerals step by step, so you can confidently convert them into regular numbers. By the end, you'll be able to read and interpret Roman numerals like a pro.

## What Are Roman Numerals?

Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and were widely used throughout the Roman Empire. Unlike our everyday numbers (1, 2, 3, etc.), Roman numerals use letters from the Latin alphabet to represent quantities. Each letter has a specific value, and by combining these letters, you can express a wide range of numbers.

## Roman Numeral Symbols

Here are the basic Roman numeral symbols and their corresponding values:

- I = 1
- V = 5
- X = 10
- L = 50
- C = 100
- D = 500
- M = 1000

Now that you know the symbols and their values, let's dive into how to read and convert Roman numerals into regular numbers.

## Reading Roman Numerals

Reading Roman numerals is a bit like solving a puzzle. You look for patterns and follow these rules:

- Symbols are read from left to right.
- When a smaller numeral appears before a larger one, you subtract the smaller from the larger.
- When a smaller numeral appears after a larger one, you add the smaller to the larger.

Let's go through some examples to illustrate these rules.

Example 1: IV = 4

Here, "I" (1) comes before "V" (5). According to our rules, we subtract "I" from "V," which gives us 4.

Example 2: VII = 7

In this case, "V" (5) comes before "II" (2). We add them together to get 7.

Example 3: XL = 40

"X" (10) appears before "L" (50). We subtract "X" from "L" to get 40.

Example 4: XC = 90

Here, "X" (10) appears before "C" (100). We subtract "X" from "C" to obtain 90.

Example 5: MCM = 1900

In this more complex example, "M" (1000) appears before "CM" (900). We add them together to get 1900.

## Converting Roman Numerals to Numbers

Now that you know how to read Roman numerals, let's learn how to convert them into regular numbers. To do this, you'll follow these steps:

- Start from left to right.
- If a smaller numeral appears before a larger one, subtract its value.
- If a smaller numeral appears after a larger one, add its value.
- Continue this process until you've gone through all the numerals.

Let's try converting a few Roman numerals into numbers.

Example 1: VII = 7

We already read this as 7. To convert it, we follow the same steps: "V" (5) comes before "II" (2), so we add them together to get 7.

Example 2: XLVII = 47

Start from the left and move to the right. "X" (10) comes before "L" (50), so we subtract 10 from 50, which gives us 40. Then, "V" (5) comes before "II" (2), so we add them together to get 7. Combine these results, and you have 40 + 7 = 47.

Example 3: CCXLIII = 243

Begin from the left. "C" (100) appears twice, so we add 100 + 100 = 200. Then, "X" (10) comes before "L" (50), so we subtract 10 from 50, which equals 40. Finally, "I" (1) comes before "II" (2), so we add 1 + 2 = 3. Combine these results: 200 + 40 + 3 = 243.

## Conclusion

Roman numerals may seem daunting at first, but with some practice and understanding of the rules, you can easily convert them into regular numbers. Remember to read Roman numerals from left to right, subtract when a smaller numeral appears before a larger one, and add when it appears after. With these basic principles, you'll be able to decode Roman numerals with confidence. So go ahead, embrace the ancient Roman system, and impress your friends with your newfound Roman numeral skills!

### Azahar Ahmed

CEO / Co-Founder

I am Azahar Ahmed, a youthful Engineer, Entrepreneur, Digital Marketer, and Motivational speaker native to Nagaon, Assam, India. Originating from a middle-class background, I am the sole son. My accomplishments are indebted to my father, a Teacher, and my mother, formerly a Teacher but now devoted to our well-being. My mother has been my closest ally, and unitedly, my parents have fostered and realized all my aspirations, epitomizing the perfect parents.